Endangered species: more boys than girls drop out of school
Ministry needs to plan interventions - McAdam By Miranda La Rose
July 14, 2002
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Year Boys Girls
1994/1995 14,231 13,896
1995/1996 14,752 14,554
1996/1997 15,550 15,186
1997/1998 16,983 16,383
1998/1999 18,380 17,832
Year Boys Girls
1994/1995 45,810 44,458
1995/1996 51,020 49,232
1996/1997 51,775 50,225
1997/1998 51,369 49,629
1998/1999 53,617 51,703
Year Boys Girls
1994/1995 24,042 27,595
1995/1996 30,798 32,567
1996/1997 30,198 31,845
1997/1998 30,006 31,247
1998/1999 30,524 31,392
It should be noted that students at the secondary level are placed at schools - primary tops, community high schools, junior secondary and senior secondary schools - based on their performance at the Secondary Schools Entrance Examinations.
Only the students at the junior and senior secondary schools are given the chance to write the two examinations, the CSEC and the Caribbean Advanced Proficiency Examinations, offered by the CXC, and the General Certificate of Education examinations.
The review of the education plan noted that male students outnumbered females in the primary tops and community high schools, on a ratio of approximately 5:4 while at the general secondary level the females outnumbered the males. Very few of the students in the primary tops and community high schools ever write the CSEC examinations in the formal education system.
The primary tops are not full secondary schools and teaching practice may range from one or two multi-grade classes to six or more secondary classes reaching Form Three and Form Four. Generally primary school teachers teach in the secondary departments.
The Secondary Schools Reform Project and the Guyana Education Access Project (GEAP) pilot programme aim to reform the primary tops through upgrading teachers and where feasible, transforming the primary tops into secondary schools.
The community high schools provide education from Form One to Form Four with emphasis on vocational subjects, that is on a ratio of 60:40 for vocational and core subjects.
The dropout and repetition rates at the general secondary level are also higher among the males than females.
Boys Girls Boys Girls
1994/1995 — — 21.7% 16.7%
1995/1996 7.9% 6.3% 18.2% 13.7%
1996/1997 5% 4% 15% 12%
1997/1998 6.2% 6.2% 16.5% 12.45%
1998/1999 4.5% 4.1% 14.1% 10.0%
Ian McDonald in the 'Ian on Sunday’ column of the Sunday Stabroek on July 7, quoted CXC figures which showed that at the 2001 sitting of the CSEC, 39.5% (3,572) of the local candidates were males compared to 60.95% (5,573) who were females.
In neighbouring Trinidad and Tobago, 13,7734 (39.71%) males wrote the CSEC examinations last year compared to 20,855 (60.29%) females; in Barbados, it was 2,278 (38.33%) males to 4,469 (56.19%) females; and in Jamaica 18,672 (36.3%) males to 33,155 (63.97%) females.
Of the number of candidates at the regional level (from 18 countries) who wrote the CSEC examinations 44,664 or 37.84% were males compared to 73,383 or 62.16% females.
The countries involved were Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Belize, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos, Netherlands Antilles and Suriname.
In thirteen core/academic subjects females outnumbered the males as well. For instance in English A, 28,326 males wrote the subject compared to 43,512 females; in Mathematics, 42,498 males wrote the subject compared to 69,505; in Social Studies 10,079 males wrote the subject compared to 18,022; and in Integrated Science 5,151 wrote the subject compared to 7,781.