Profile: Facts at a GlanceOfficial Name: Co-operative Republic of Guyana. Formerly British Guiana.
Flag: Green background (representing agriculture and forests) with a red triangle (zeal) edged with black (endurance) superimposed on a white triangle (mineral wealth) edged with white (waters).
Time: Four hours behind Greenwich Mean Time
Location: North Eastern Coast of the South American Continent
Area: 214,970 sq. km. (82,980 sq. mi.); about the size of Idaho. Terrain: Coastal plain, inland highlands, rain forest, savannah. Climate: Equitorial. Temperature on the Coast ranges from 20° C to 33.8° C and in the interior between 18.3° C and 39.4° C. Unlike many other West Indian countries, Guyana is not affected by natural disasters such as hurricanes, tornadoes or earthquakes.
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Guyanese (sing. and pl.).
Population (1992 est.): 739,000. Annual net population increase 1.4%, less net migration rate: 2.0%, equals annual growth rate: -0.6% (all 1992 ests.). Cities: capital--Georgetown (pop. 248,000). Other cities--Linden (pop. 27,000) and New Amsterdam (18,000).
Ethnic groups: East Indian origin 51%, African origin 29%, mixed 14%, Amerindian 4%, European and Chinese origin 2%. Religions: Christian 50%, Hindu 33%, Muslim 9%, other 8%.
Type: Republic within the Commonwealth. Democratically elected - Presidential form of Government.
Head of State: His Excellency Dr. Cheddi Jagan
Independence: May 26, 1966. Republic: February 23, 1970. Constitution: 1980.
Branches: Executive--executive president (chief of state and head of government), prime minister. Legislative--unicameral National Assembly (53 directly, 12 indirectly elected members for 5-year term 1992-1997). Judicial--Court of Appeal, High Court.
Subdivisions: 10 regions.
Political parties and seats in the National Assembly: People's Progressive Party (PPP), 36; People's National Congress (PNC), 26; Working People's Alliance (WPA), 2; The United Force (TUF), 1; Democratic Labour Movement (DLM), 0.
Suffrage: Universal over 18.
Central government budget (1993): $143 million.
Defense: 1.3% of GDP (1992).
GDP (1992): $375 million. Real annual growth rate (1992): 7.8%. Per capita GDP (1992 est.): $500. Inflation rate (1992): 14%.
Agriculture (29% of 1992 GDP): Products--sugar, rice.
Industry (23% of 1992 GDP): Types--gold and bauxite mining, manufacturing, processing.
OTHER NATURAL RESOURCES: Diamonds, timber, shrimp, fish.
TRADE (1992): Exports--$322 million: sugar, bauxite, rice, gold, shrimp, rum, timber, molasses. Major markets--US (38.2% - bauxite, sugar, shrimp), UK, CARICOM countries. Imports--$307 million. Major suppliers--US (38.4%), UK, Venezuela.
EDUCATION: Years compulsory--ages 5-14. Attendance (1988, first grade)--69%. Literacy--95% (est. 1990).
HEALTH: Infant mortality rate--(1992) 50/1,000. Life expectancy--(1992) men 61, women 68.
LANGUAGES: (Main): English, Guyanese Creole, Amerindian dialects.
Deaf institutions 6
WORK FORCE (268,000): Agriculture--33.8% Industry and commerce--44.5%. Services--21.7%. Public sector employment--approx. 30%. Organized labor--34%.
MEMBERSHIP IN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
UN and most of its specialized and related agencies, including the Generalized Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), International Labor Organization (ILO), International Monetary Fund (IMF), and World Bank; Caribbean Community (CARICOM); Caribbean Development Bank (CDB); Commonwealth; Group of 77; International Bauxite Association; Inter-American Development Bank (IDB); Latin American Economic System (SELA); Nonaligned Movement (NAM).
MAJOR AIRPORT: Timehri International
AIRLINES: Guyana Airways, ALM, BWIA, LIAT, Suriname Airways (SLM)
INTERNATIONAL COUNTRY CODE:For telecommunication to Guyana - 592